Only after the last tree has been cut down.  Only after the last river has been poisoned.  Only after the last fish has been caught.  Only then will you find that money cannot be eaten.

"When an activity raises threats of harm to human health or the environment, precautionary measures should be taken even if some cause and effect relationships are not fully established scientifically. In this context the proponent of an activity, rather than the public, should bear the burden of proof." - Wingspread Statement of the Precautionary Principle.

Some Things Never Change

May 21, 1909
Wadena (Saskatchewan) Herald (Used with permission):
Afraid of Beef Trust, Tentacles Coiling Around British Market
Report of governmental committee is of alarming character – apprehension lest United States companies gain control of Smithfield market – packers’ plans subtle.

London – Fear that the United States beef trust is coiling its tentacles around the British market and also gaining control of the United Kingdom’s great source of meat supply, Argentina, is expressed in a government report made public recently.  The report (was) submitted by the departmental committee that was appointed in 1908 to investigate the meat trade at home and abroad, especially with relation to combinations among packers and shippers.

Most of the trails the committee found led them across the Atlantic into the Union stockyards at Chicago.  Volumes of testimony were amassed with the aid of witnesses gathered from all parts of the world, and special investigators, secret and otherwise, were sent abroad to run down every feature of the inquiry upon which first hand information was desired. 

And so, although representatives of the United States packing houses who were examined, denied that any combination existed in the United States or United Kingdom, the committee sets down its doubts in these words:  “It is almost incredible that Armour and Co., Morris and Co., Swift and Co., and the Hammond Beef Co., the last named representing the National Packing company, should be in combination in the United States and in competition in the United Kingdom.”

The report asserts positively the belief of the committee that a beef trust exists in the United States and that the four Chicago companies named are its components.  Also it says the same four companies are allied in such a manner in England that they may eventually gain absolute control of the Smithfield Market itself.  Deep concern is also expressed lest the grip of the meat trust on the Argentina market will become so strong as to put British shipments from that country completely in their hands to the detriment of the English importer.

According to the committee’s conclusions, the methods of the allied packers are subtle in the extreme.  Their footsteps are everywhere well covered, the investigations found, and there is no actual evidence brought before it to prove that the Americans were in combination to control the British trade.

Nevertheless, the documents set forth as a moral certainty that the big four of the Chicago stockyards fix prices by an iron-bound system and regulate imports in the United Kingdom.

February 19, 1995:
Hog waste is polluting the groundwater.
New evidence shows that hog farm wastewater lagoons are leaking. But environmental regulators don't have the information or the authority they need to protect drinking water.

February 21, 1995:
Corporate takeover.
Corporate farming has taken over the swine industry the way chain stores took over retailing, and contract farms are the new franchises. North Carolina farmers are borrowing heavily to raise pigs for corporations.

February 22, 1995:
Murphy's law.
During his 10 years as a state legislator, Wendell Holmes Murphy became the nation's biggest hog producer. And he helped pass laws worth millions of dollars to his company and his industry.

February 23, 1995:
Hog-Tied on Ethics:
a News & Observer editorial

February 24, 1995:
Money talks.
Some of their neighbors say that hog farms stink; pork companies call it the "smell of money." Find out what Eastern North Carolina is getting out of its new status as Pig Country, U.S.A., and why some people want the growth to stop.
Putting the hush on hogs: a News & Observer editorial

February 26, 1995:
Pork barrels.
Follow hog-industry contributions to some influential positions in government. Do the connections add up to undue influence?

February 28, 1995:
When hogs come first:
a News & Observer editorial


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