Only after the last tree has been cut down.  Only after the last river has been poisoned.  Only after the last fish has been caught.  Only then will you find that money cannot be eaten.

"When an activity raises threats of harm to human health or the environment, precautionary measures should be taken even if some cause and effect relationships are not fully established scientifically. In this context the proponent of an activity, rather than the public, should bear the burden of proof." - Wingspread Statement of the Precautionary Principle.

New Brunswick

Closure of Metz Barn Causes Media Flurry

There was a flurry of Media attention to the Metz story. Here are some links if you missed these articles.

In English

CBC Radio - As It Happens

(This clip is in Real Audio and begins at the 6:07 mark after 2 minutes silence)

CBC Radio - News

CBC Radio - News

En francais


Radio CJSE

L'Acadie Nouvelle

Association for the Preservation of the Bouctouche Watershed
L'association pour la préservation du basin versant de Bouctouche
3-9550 Main Street


Become a Friend for the Legal Defence of the Conservation Council of New Brunswick

The Conservation Council of New Brunswick and its senior staff members David Coon and Inka Milewski are being sued by Bennett Environmental for comments made in the media and a letter to the editor concerning a hazardous waste incinerator the company is building in Belledune, New Brunswick.   Bennett Environmental is based in Oakville, Ontario.

 What the Conservation Council saw as its duty to provide fair comment on a matter of significant public interest resulted in this lawsuit which alleges the comments were defamatory and brought Bennett Environmental into hatred, ridicule and contempt resulting in injury to its character and professional reputation.  The company is seeking general damages, special damages, punitive damages and its costs.

The Province of New Brunswick exempted the hazardous waste incinerator from a full public environmental impact assessment.  The Federal Court of Appeal recently overturned the decision of the federal Minister of Environment to refer the project to a federal review panel following a judicial review brought by the company.  Local property owners are currently appealing the companys building permit.

The Conservation Council is asking groups and individuals to consider helping in the following ways:

1.  Publicize the case and the legal defence fund.
2.  Make a donation to the legal defence fund.
3.  Allow your name or your groups name to be published as Friends for the Legal Defence of the Conservation Council of New Brunswick.
4.  Consider hosting a fundraising event for CCNBs legal defence.

A complete copy of Bennetts Statement of Claim can be obtained by contacting the Conservation Council for full details on what the company alleges were defamatory statements.
The following are paraphrases of two of the statements in question.

In response to a question from a New Brunswick Telegraph Journal reporter in August 2003, David Coon told him that toxic pollutants are released from incinerators which treat hazardous waste and that these end up as contaminants in the environment.    In its Statement of Claim, Bennett alleges that the statement was false and defamatory of their company, and maliciously stated.

In an October letter to the editor of the New Brunswick Telegraph Journal last year, Inka Milewski noted that months had passed since the Conservation Council had written to the Ministers of Environment and Health detailing what it believed  were deficiencies in the companys air pollution and human health risk assessments.  In its Statement of Claim, Bennett alleges the statement was false and malicious.

The Conservation Council has had a long-standing policy of opposing the importation of hazardous wastes for treatment in New Brunswick and the high temperature incineration of toxic chemicals on environmental grounds.

To make a donation to the Conservation Council Legal Defence Fund, order a copy of the Statement of Claim, or if you are willing to host a fundraising event,  please contact the Conservation Council of New Brunswick, 180 St. John Street, Fredericton, New Brunswick, E3B 4A9  Tel(506) 458-8747 Fax (506) 458-1047  E-mail  Further information about the issue can be found at

Association for the Preservation of the Bouctouche Watershed
L’Association pour la préservation de la bassin versant de Bouctouche

12 August 2004
For Immediate Release

Permanent Solution or Just Another License Renewal?

“Sainte-Marie-de-Kent citizens expect to be included at the table. To do otherwise would be to ignore the right to the enjoyment of their property and to the protection of their quality of life.”

Based on a news report from Radio-Canada 11 August 2004, Premier Bernard Lord has indicated his willingness to revise the conditions of the Livestock Operations License issued to Metz Farms 2 Ltd. to reflect the concerns expressed by citizens.

This is a step in the right direction.

“Before the license is renewed, it is only reasonable to expect that the community most affected would be consulted,” Jerry Cook, Association spokesperson asserted. “Also, it would be expected that public information relating to the first license be made accessible to determine if the conditions of that license have been respected,” Cook added.

Throughout the past five years, public information continues to be withheld. Citizen’s petitions and letters have been ignored, but the courts have determined that this information should and must be released.

Since the spring of 2004, citizens have been insisting that details of the $1.5 million subsidy, offered two and one half years ago, be released to taxpayers. This subsidy was given to install new technology and provide a permanent solution, neither of which have been accomplished to date.

The Association believes that the license should not be renewed until all information has been released and citizens are included at the table to discuss how, when and what new technology will be implemented.

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Hog Subsidy Adds to Millions
July 28, 2004

The citizens of Sainte-Marie-de-Kent estimate that the Province of New Brunswick has spent 3 million dollars over the past five years on the Metz operation.

The money was spent in the courts fighting citizen’s requests for information, providing the industry with the Manure Nutrient Management Plan and the Contingency Plan to support the original license application, monitoring water quality in the Bouctouche Watershed, and numerous other ongoing activities.

When the cost of the collapsed roof in the spring of 2000, and the new technology which the industry has not installed as promised are added in, the total is over three million dollars.

Production has been estimated at 35 000 hogs per year, so one can conclude that the subsidy has cost taxpayers of New Brunswick over $16 per hog produced in the last five years.

Jerry Cook, a spokesperson for the Association for the Preservation of the Bouctouche Watershed firmly insists “Before the Province renews the operating permit for another five years, the Province needs to make available to taxpayers all public information and the expenses relating to the first license”.  Cook adds that “citizens must be included in the decision making process before implementing the permanent solution announced three years ago”.

The last five years have been a nightmare…  citizens do not want it repeated.

Citizens want a moratorium on the renewal of the operating license until all public information relating to this industry is made available. Premier Lord should personally intervene to end unilateral and uninformed decision-making. Lord should also revisit the key recommendation of the expert panel he appointed and determine which option:  moving or closing, is the most appropriate.

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Letter to Premier Lord
July 25, 2004
80 Chemin Allain
Sainte-Marie-de-Kent, NB
E4S 1N5

le 25 juillet 2004

Monsieur Bernard Lord
Premier Ministre du Nouveau-Brunswick
CP 6000
E3B 5H1
Objet:  Demande de moratoire  permis d’exploitation des Fermes Metz II
Monsieur le Premier Ministre,
Comme vous le savez, le permis d’exploitation des Fermes Metz II  doit expirer dans les prochains jours.  Depuis déjà plusieurs années et de façon spéciale pendant les derniers mois, les citoyens concernés par la présence et les activités des Fermes Metz ont essayé, par tous les moyens, d’ouvrir un dialogue avec la province.  
Des rencontres personnelles ont même eu lieu entre vous et le Père Denis Belliveau.  Dès le 26 avril 2004,  Père Denis vous exprimait, en notre nom, que depuis déjà trop longtemps, des informations publiques étaient retenues et de nombreuses questions restaient sans réponse.  En avril, vous étiez donc personnellement informé que les citoyens jugeaient comme critique l’accès à certaines informations entourant le permis d’exploitation des Fermes Metz II. 
Nous pensions que vous aviez acquiescé que des informations nous seraient communiquées par l’entremise du député local,  M. Claude Williams, au sujet de l’utilisation des fonds publics.  A plusieurs reprises, vous nous avez invité à travailler en étroite collaboration avec le député Claude Williams. 
Or, pendant plusieurs mois,  le P. Denis s’est conformé à votre suggestion sans obtenir de résultats concrets.  Même après une deuxième rencontre personnelle avec vous à Fredericton le 30 juin 2004, presque la totalité de l’information demandée est encore bloqué au niveau des ministères de l’Agriculture et de l’Environnement.
Nous espérons que vous porterez une attention immédiate à notre demande qui constitue un ultime effort de la part des citoyens, compte tenu que le premier permis doit expirer à très brève échéance.  L’ensemble de la communauté est consterné à l’effet qu’un investissement de 1.5 millions de fonds publics puisse être fait sans aucun compte rendu.  Nous croyons qu’il est essentiel que les citoyens puissent accéder à ces informations avant le renouvellement du premier permis d’opération.  Alors que la population demande simplement d’avoir la possibilité de s’exprimer et de faire partie du processus décisionnel, continuer à l’exclure serait totalement inacceptable.

A votre demande, nous pouvons mettre à votre disposition une copie de documents pertinents tels que:
1.        Times and Transcript, le 15 aout 2000, «Views on Metz farm committee»
2.        Lettre du 11 septembre 2000 par les élus du Districts de Service locaux
3.        Lettre du 16 octobre 2000 détaillant demande d’information entourant conditions du permis
4.        Plainte officielle remise au Ministère de l’Agriculture le 29 juin 2001 (8 pages)
5.        Telegraph Journal, le 2 août 2001, «Lord to name panel to resolve Metz Farms dispute»
6.        Photos aériennes de la lagune abîmée par véhicules  
Étant donné la gravité de la situation et afin de mobiliser le plus grand nombre de gens possible, nous faisons parvenir une copie de cette lettre à divers individus et organismes concernés.  Nous mettons également l’ombudsman de la province du Nouveau-Brunswick au courant de cette nouvelle demande pour qu’il l’ajoute au dossier que nous lui avons déjà remis.
Puisque les démarches entreprises par  le P. Denis dans les derniers mois avec le député local M. Claude Williams n’ont pas été fructueuses, nous comptons, Monsieur le Premier Ministre,  sur votre bienveillante intervention auprès des ministères concernés dans ce dossier fort important qui ne cesse de s’aggraver. 
Il nous apparaît nécessaire, vu les circonstances, de réclamer qu’un moratoire sur le renouvellement de permis soit imposé jusqu’à ce que les citoyens aient accès à toute l’information publique qui s’y rapporte.
Dans l’attente d’une réponse positive de votre part dans les plus brefs délais, veuillez recevoir l’expression de nos meilleures salutations.
Au nom des citoyens,
Maurice et Chantal Cormier
Citoyens concernés de Sainte-Marie-de-Kent
copie: Ombudsman du Nouveau-Brunswick
         Différents chefs élus
         Députés fédéraux
         Différents représentants élus municipaux, provinciaux et fédéraux
         Comité d’experts des Fermes Metz
         Université de Moncton, départements de droit et de sciences environnementales
         Conseil de Conservation du Nouveau-Brunswick
         Sierra Club du Canada
         Coalition Au-delà d’une agriculture industrielle
         Environmental Defense (Canada)
         Société des Acadiens et Acadiennes du Nouveau-Brunswick (SAANB)
         Association pour la préservation du bassin versant de Bouctouche
         Autres organismes et individus intéressés

Association for the Preservation of the Bouctouche Watershed
L'association pour la préservation du basin versant de Bouctouche

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Challenge to Shawn Graham
July 9, 2004

Shawn Graham, Leader of the Opposition and Liberal Member of the Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick for the riding of Kent, where the Metz Farms 2 Ltd. operation is located, rose in the Legislature to thank the Minister of Environment and Local Government, Brenda Fowlie, for releasing her report.

Mr. Graham was presumably relieved that there were no glaring revelations in the report that would bring attention to him or his Party's involvement in the whole sordid Metz affair. Although it was the previous McKenna / Theriault Liberal governments that established the factory farm operation in the community, it is time Mr. Graham actually shares his opinions with citizens on this issue.

In the Legislature, Graham reportedly said that he would be taking the results of the testing to the community. It is assumed by his remarks that he will actually meet with citizens for the first time in five years to discuss the potential risks to human health and the Bouctouche River.

It is time for Mr. Graham to face the challenge he has placed on himself and set a date for a meeting with the community to openly discuss these test results.

Jerry Cook

Algae in the Bouctouche River.

See photos captured on June 30th 2004

Sainte-Marie-de-Kent area water quality monitoring report

As we have fulfilled our commitment to monitor water quality in the area, this routine monitoring program has concluded

FREDERICTON (CNB) - Four years of monitoring in the Sainte-Marie-de-Kent area have not shown overall increasing trends in nutrient or bacteria concentrations in surface or groundwater, Environment and Local Government Minister Brenda Fowlie said today.

"Based on data collected over four years in the vicinity of Sainte-Marie-de-Kent, there is no evidence that the Metz Farms 2 Ltd. manure application program has had an adverse effect on surface water quality in the area monitored," Fowlie said. "Results were consistent with nutrients and bacteria originating from multiple sources, including manure, livestock pasturing, septic systems and other sources such as wild animals."

The purpose of the monitoring program was to assess the possible effects of land application of liquid manure generated at Metz Farms 2 Ltd. on local surface and ground water quality. A multi-stakeholder Ministerial Monitoring Committee for Metz Farms 2 Ltd. was established to designate sampling sites and help devise the monitoring plan. The program consisted of sampling surface water and groundwater for bacteria and a series of elements. Surface water was sampled at 40 sites, while groundwater sampling involved over 75 private wells.

"The monitoring program has allowed us to adequately characterize water quality in the study area," the minister said. "As we have fulfilled our commitment to monitor water quality in the area, this routine monitoring program has concluded. The need for periodic re-sampling will be assessed in coming years."

The Department of the Environment and Local Government conducted the monitoring program between 2000 and 2003. For surface water, the monitoring plan called for sites to be sampled routinely, as well as after a rainfall of 25 mm or greater within a 24 hour period. Groundwater was sampled seasonally over the four-year period.

A summary report is available online here.

Association for the Preservation of the Bouctouche Watershed
L'association pour la préservation du basin versant de Bouctouche

Wed, 10 Mar 2004
Court File NO M/ M/ 0095 /03
2004 New Brunswick (Canada) Court of Queen Bench 098

Public Access to Info Withheld in Court

Citizens of Sainte-Marie-de-Kent have won a SECOND Access to Info Court Case against Metz Farms' large pig operation trying to prevent Province of NB to release public information concern air quality testing done in the community and around the large intensive pig operation.

In its 17 page decision, Honourable Mr. Justice George Rideout rules that the Province CANNOT SUPERCEDE the Access to Information Act: 

"I am returning the Report of the Expert's Committee and the Pinchin Report to the Province of New Brunswick and I am ordering that a copy of the Pinchin Report (that is the Air quality testing data done on behalf of  Province) be made available to Neil Gardner (representative of citizens). "

"Further I am awarding Neil Gardner costs on this application of $1000 payable by the Province of New Brunswick." 

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Association for the Preservation of the Bouctouche Watershed
3-9448 Main Street, RICHIBUCTO NB  E4W 4E3

18 November 2003
For Immediate Release

During Rain, Frost, and Snow, Dumping of Hog Feces and Urine Continues.

“Plants are dormant at this time of year and do not take up nutrients in the fall.”

Last week, hundreds of thousands of gallons of liquid hog feces and urine have been spread in and around Sainte-Marie-de-Kent. This is the second time this fall that dumping has occurred again with no warning to citizens. “Governments talk about regulation but bottom line is the hog factory does what they want. We never know where they will dump or when they will be back. They don’t care about us,” says Sainte-Marie-de-Kent citizen Maria Robichaud.

It is well known that plants are dormant at this time of year and do not take up nutrients in the fall. And many times, the ground is frozen or near frozen. This means that the nutrients are closer to the surface of the ground and are more likely to run off fields during the heavy rains in the autumn.

Results of a study at the NS Agriculture College has shown that "fall spraying" was not worth it because liquid manure was bound to runoff into watercourses and large amount of the nutrients were lost.

The operator of the largest hog operation east of Manitoba has been quoted as saying, “From a farming point of view, one of the best times for the plants to benefit from the manure is shortly after the first cut of hay is taken.” (From an open letter to citizens in July 2001)

“Why does the NB Department of Agriculture, Aquaculture, and Fisheries condone this practice?” asks Edmond Cormier, retired farmer from Sainte-Marie-de-Kent.

And they do condone this practice because representatives of the Department are on site during the dumping. And, the Department is still flagging the fields to be sprayed even though this is a responsibility of the licensee under the Livestock Operations Licence.

- 30 -

Contact: Jerry Cook  506-523-2701

Association for the Preservation of the Bouctouche Watershed
L'association pour la préservation du basin versant de Bouctouche

E-mail: pigs

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